Hawking irreversibility and socio-economic derminism

Jan-Erik LANE, Florent DIETERLEN

Abstract


Abstract. Physicist Stephen Hawking has suggested that climate changes is about to become unstoppable. One may introduce a concept of Hawking irreversibility as the point where temperature has risen so much that the global warming consequences threaten the survival of mankind. The recent news out of China that its CO2s are increasing again makes this term highly policy relevant. Moreover, the methane emissions have started to augment, which also calls up Hawking irreversibility. The drive behind these dire developments is the endless zest for affluence and wealth, fueled by ever larger energy consumption.

Keywords. Decarbonisation, Hawking irreversibility, GHCs, CO2S, Methane, COP21 Treaty goals, Solar power plants.

JEL. N70, O13, P28.

Keywords


Decarbonisation; Hawking irreversibility; GHCs; CO2S; Methane; COP21 Treaty goals; Solar power plants.

Full Text:


References


Conka, K. (2015). Un Unfinished Foundation. The United Nations and Global Environmental Governance. Oxford: OUP.

Kaya, Y., & Yokoburi, K. (1997). Environment, Energy, and Economy: Strategies for Sustainability. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the Commons. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P.

Ramesh, J. (2015). Green Signals: Ecology, Growth and Democracy in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sachs, J.D. (2015). The Age of Sustainable Development. New York: Columbia University Press.

Stern, N. (2007). The Economics of Climate Change. Oxford: OUP.

Stern, N. (2015). What are We Waiting for? Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Vogler, J. (2016). Climate Change in World Politics. Basingstoke: Macmillan Palgrave.

Sources: Solar power

Paris 2015: Tracking country climate pledges. Carbon Brief, [Retrieved from].

EDGAR v 4.3.2, European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), release version 4.3.2. [Retrieved from].

CO2 Emission reduction with Solar. [Retrieved from].

GDP sources:

World Bank national accounts data. [Retrieved from].

OECD National Accounts data files

GHG and energy sources:

World Resources Institute CAIT Climate Data Explorer - cait.wri.org

EU Joint Research Centre Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research. [Retrieved from].

UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. [Retrieved from].

International Energy Agency. Paris.

Energy Information Administration. Washington, DC.

BP Energy Outlook 2016.

EU Emissions Database for Global Research EDGAR. [Retrieved from].

World Bank Data Indicators. [Retrieved from].

British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy 2016




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1453/jsas.v4i4.1521

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Journal of Social and Administrative Sciences - J. Adm. Soc. Sci. - JSAS - www.kspjournals.org

ISSN: 2149-0406. Editor : editor-jsas@kspjournals.org   Secretarial: secretarial@kspjournals.org   Istanbul - Turkey.

Copyright © KSP Journals