The relation between terrorism and high population growth



Abstract. A fundamental problem in socioeconomic sciences is how to explain the root causes of terrorism. The literature has analyzed several determinants of terrorism. However, the precise role of demographic factors for the origin and evolution of terrorism in specific geoeconomic areas is hardly known. Results here show that high population growth seems to be basic for the source and evolution of terrorism. This study found that terrorism thrives, in average, in specific cultural zones with high growth rates of population combined with collective identity factors and low socioeconomic development. Overall, then, the main aim of this study is to clarify and generalize whenever possible, the demographic source of the terrorism and suggest appropriate socioeconomic policies to preempt this critical problem in society over the long run.

Keywords. Terrorism, Population growth, Fertility rate, Poverty, Middle East.

JEL. I30, I24, N35, Q56, Z12.


Terrorism; Population growth; Fertility rate; Poverty; Middle East.

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